Brain injuries are a serious problem in Dallas, Texas, and elsewhere throughout the United States. The injury is one of the leading causes of emergency room visits, temporary and permanent disability and deaths in the country. It is important for everyone to better understand this type of injury, how to prevent such injuries, and if injured, how you should be treated in the hospital.
It all starts with prevention. If you engage in sporting activities, such as skateboarding, it is strongly advised that you wear a helmet designed to protect your head from injury. The use of safety precautions as simple as holding a hand rail while walking down stairs can also help in preventing falls, one of the leading causes of brain injury.
If you have fallen and hit your head, the next step is emergency medical treatment. Emergency responders will apply an initial treatment in an effort to prevent your injury from getting worse. Once you arrive in the hospital and it is determined that you did sustain a brain injury, you will undergo various medical treatments such as intensive care, acute care, rehabilitation and other services.
Inpatient rehabilitation is the fourth phase. When you undergo rehabilitation, therapists and other health care professionals will help you get back on track or attempt to get you close to your pre-injury state. Rehabilitation may include counseling, speech therapies, occupational, physical and inpatient rehabilitation. The rehabilitation depends on your current condition.
The last and final phase involves basic health services, support groups, independent living assistance, personal care assistance, outpatient rehabilitation, employment counseling and vocation rehabilitation.
Source: Ok.gov, "Traumatic brain injury program," accessed on Oct. 9, 2014